Egyptian. An Introduction to the writing and language of the Middle Kingdom
Volume I: Grammar, Syntax and Indexes; Volume II: Sign lists, Exercises and Reading Texts
2010 (Eg. Uitg. vol. 24)
I: XXXII, 581; II: VII, 482 pp. softcover
This is a data-oriented grammatical description of Middle Egyptian, a now extinct Pharaonic language, spoken and written in the hieroglyphic and hieratic scripts, between 2100 and 1700 before our era, the period of the Middle Kingdom. Middle Egyptian was regarded by the Egyptians as a classical stage of their language and it remained in use for a long time after that period.
Middle Egyptian texts are extremely varied and comprise stories, historical narratives, letters, scientific treatises, and a great number of religious sources.
The first volume is a systematic description of the language, illustrated by a great number of quotations from original texts, and provided with word lists and other indexes. The second volume leads the reader in a gradual way in 33 lessons through the grammatical description of the first volume, and moreover contains an extensive list of hieroglyphic signs and their values, exercises and, finally, original texts for reading.