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Bibliotheca Orientalis

Quadrimonthly journal containing reviews and bibliographical data on books published on the ancient and modern Near East
Edited by J. Eidem, H. Gzella, R.E. Kon, A. van der Kooij, L. Limme, D.J.W. Meijer, M. Stol and W.J.I. Waal. Editorial secretary: C.H. van Zoest.

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The online version of Bibliotheca Orientalis is maintained by Peeters Online Journals.
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Le marché local au carrefour de l'égyptologie, de l'économie et de l'histoire 01 Jul 2014
C’est depuis les dernières années du XXème siècle, avec la mondialisation et l’éclipse partielle des états dans la gouvernance financière, que le débat interdisciplinaire à propos de l’économie en Égypte pharaonique et du rôle du marché en particulier s’est intensifié. Des documents et résultats d’études de monuments et de fouilles sont réexaminés avec de nouvelles questions; des fouilles récentes se font aussi dans une autre optique. Après un siècle d’absence, le comparatisme fait son retour dans l’orientalisme. C’est toute l’«exception» de l’Égypte qui s’en trouve ébranlée tant par l’ouverture au monde proche-oriental, là où l’histoire religieuse était principalement pratiquée, que par le désenclavement également opéré dans l’étude du commerce dans le monde grec. Il faut bien garder à l’esprit que la critique historique mise en œuvre ne dépend pas d’une grande ancienneté «dépaysante» mais de la quantité et de la diversité des sources dont on dispose. Dans cette optique, la parution d’un livre sur le commerce et le marché était l’occasion de suivre un historien pas à pas dans sa démarche pour faire un bilan des nouvelles recherches historiques dans les domaines qu’il aborde.

Der altsumerische Name /pa-gbilga-mes/ = Gilgameš 01 Jul 2014
The reading and understanding of the name Gilgamesh has some bearing on the history of literature. Does it conceal a hidden message? Is it a foreign name or is it just a normal Sumerian name from the brink of history? This article tries to answer this by comparing the first attestation with Sumerian names of the same time. The use and identity of signs is not taken from sign lists but by using synchronic texts wherever possible. It becomes clear that Gilgamesh was a name within the pattern of Early Dynastic Sumerian names, meaning roughly 'the forebear (was) a prince(?)'. Concerning the pronunciation a new argument for the existence of a velar-labial explosive in Sumerian is found. The name may be pronounced like /pa-gbilga-mes/ but a shortened form like /gbilga-mes/ may be as old as the first attestation in ED IIIa Fāra. The article is closing with a few words about the name Enkidu.

The Variability in the Realization of qāf in Present-day Palestinian Arabic 01 Jul 2014
Palestinian Arabic is the language spoken by Palestinians and is classified as a dialect subgroup of Levantine Arabic. It does however vary in several aspects, one of these is the realization of qāf which is realized as a voiceless uvular plosive /q/ in Modern Standard Arabic. Qāf is realized in several ways in present-day Palestinian Arabic. This leads to the question, ‘What explains this variability in the realization of qāf in present-day Palestinian Arabic?’ This paper will try to formulate an answer to this question. First, I use existing literature to determine which realizations of qāf are being used by Palestinians and which variables might possibly influence the realization. In the next part I try to determine what the effect is that every one of these variables has on the realization of qāf. This is done through the analysis of quantitative data which have been gathered with help of social media. The statistical analysis program SPSS and Google Earth are used for this analysis.

Talismanic Use of Sūra 59 01 Jul 2014
This article presents a critical edition of item 0-691, an Arabic manuscript from the collection of the Tropenmuseum, part of the Royal Tropical Institute in Amsterdam (KIT, Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen to refer to both museum and the institute. We therefore use 'KIT collection' in the text to refer to the collection of the Tropenmuseum.). This is an undated manuscript of unknown origin that hitherto has not been described. In the study preceding our edition of the text, we propose both a place of origin and a probable function of item 0-691. The manuscript’s content and physical characteristics, as well as similarities with other manuscripts, suggest that the most likely region of origin is the Indonesian archipelago, and, more specifically, the region of Aceh. In terms of its primary use, we argue that item 0-691 is a Qur'ānic talisman, and not a letter, as it is currently described in the catalogue of the KIT collection.

Faraonisch Egypte 04 Jul 2014
VÖRÖS, G. - Sharuna - Gamhud. The Archaeological Mission of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy in Egypt 1907-1908. The Legacy of Philip Black de Surány 1862-1958. Egypt Excavation Society Hungary, Budapest, 2008. Ägypten, Nubien und die Cyrenaica. Die imaginäre Reise des Norbert Bittner (1786-1851). Ausstellungskataloge der Winckelmann-Gesellschaft. Verlag Franz Philipp Rutzen, Ruhpolding-Mainz, 2012. KURTH, D. - A Ptolemaic Sign-List. Hieroglyphs Used in the Temples of Graeco-Roman Egypt and their Meanings. Backe Verlag, Hützel, 2010. DAOUD, K.A. - Necropoles Memphiticae. Inscriptions from the Herakleopolitan Period. (Studies in Calligraphy and Writings 14). Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Alexandria, 2011. DAOUD, K.A. - Corpus of Inscriptions of the Herakleopolitan Period from the Memphite Necropolis. Translation, Commentary and Analyses. (BAR International Series 1459). Archaeopress, Oxford, 2006. BAQUÉ I MANZANO, L. - Els textos de les piràmides de l'antic Egipte. Piràmides d'Unis, Teti, Pepi I, Merenre, Pepi II i Neit. (Aula Orientalis Supplementa 28). Editorial AUSA, Sadabell, 2012. HAYS, H.M. - The Organization of the Pyramid Texts. Typology and Disposition. (Probleme der Ägyptologie 31). Brill Academic Publishers, Leiden, 2012. ROBERSON, J.A. - The Ancient Egyptian Books of the Earth. (Wilbour Studies in Egypt and Ancient Western Asia 1). Lockwood Press, Atlanta GA, 2012. FRIEDMAN, R.F. & FISKE, P.N. (eds.) - Egypt at its Origins 3. Proceedings of the Third International Conference 'Origins of the State. Predynastic and Early Dynastic Egypt', London, 27th July - 1st August 2008. (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 205). Peeters, Leuven, 2011. ROMER, J. - A History of Ancient Egypt. From the First Farmers to the Great Pyramid. Penguin Books Ltd., London, 2012. VYMAZALOVÁ, H. - The Tomb of Kaiemtjenenet (AS 38) and the Surrounding Structures (AS 57-60). (Abusir 22). Charles University, Prague, 2011. MINIACI, G. - Rishi Coffins and the Funerary Culture of Second Intermediate Period Egypt. (GHP Egyptology 17). Golden House Publications, London, 2011. RUSSO, B. - Kha (TT 8) and his Colleagues: the Gifts in his Funerary Equipment and Related Artefacts from Western Thebes. (GHP Egyptology 18). Golden House Publications, London, 2012. KEMBOLY, M. - The Question of Evil in Ancient Egypt. (GHP Egyptology 12). Golden House Publications, London, 2010. TACKE, N. - Das Opferritual des Ägyptischen Neuen Reiches. Band I: Texte. Band II: Übersetzung und Kommentar. (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 222). Peeters, Leuven, 2013. ANDRÁSSY, P. - Untersuchungen zum ägyptischen Staat des Alten Reiches und seinen Institutionen. (IBAES 11). Golden House Publications, London, 2008. GRAJETZKI, W. & STEFANOVIĆ - Dossiers of Ancient Egyptians. The Middle Kingdom and Second Intermediate Period. Addition to Franke's 'Personendaten'. (GHP Egyptology 19). Golden House Publications, London, 2012.

Grieks-Romeins Egypte 04 Jul 2014
ARJAVA, A., BUCHHOLZ, M. & GAGOS, T. (eds.) - The Petra Papyri III. American Center of Oriental Research, Amman, 2007.

Assyriologie 04 Jul 2014
CRIPPS, L. - Sargonic and Presargonic Texts in The World Museum Liverpool.(BAR International Series 2135). Archaeopress, Oxford, 2010. PRENTICE, R. - The Exchange Goods and Services in Pre-Sargonic Lagash. (Alter Orient und Altes Testament 368). Ugarit-Verlag, Münster, 2010. PAOLETTI, P. - Der König und sein Kreis. Das staatliche Schatzarchiv der III. Dynastie von Ur.(Biblioteca del Próximo Oriente Antiguo 10). C.S.I.C., Madrid, 2012. COHEN, E. - Conditional Structures in Mesopotamian Old Babylonian. (Languages of the Near East 4). Eisenbrauns, Winona Lake, 2012. WASSERMAN, N. - Most Probably. Epistemic Modality in Old Babylonian. (Languages of the Near East 3). Eisenbrauns, Winona Lake, 2012. OSHIMA, T. - Babylonian Prayers to Marduk. (Orientalische Religionen in der Antike 7). Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, 2011. GELLER, M.J. - Ancient Babylonian Medicine: Theory and Practice. Wiley-Blackwell, West Sussex, 2010. HEESSEL, N.P. - Divinatorische Texte II. Opferschau-Omina. (Keilschrifttexte aus Assur literarischen Inhalts 5, WVDOG 139). Verlag Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 2012. FRAHM, E. - Historische und historisch-literarische Texte. (Keilschrifttexte aus Assur literarischen Inhalts 3, WVDOG 121). Verlag Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 2009. LUNDSTRÖM, S. & ORLAMÜNDE, J. - Die Orthostaten Tiglat-Pilesers I. und Assurnasirpals II. aus dem Alten Palast von Assur. (Wissenschaftliche Veröffentlichungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft 136). Verlag Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 2011. SAGGS, H.W.F. - The Nimrud Letters, 1952. (Cuneiform Texts from Nimrud 5). Oxbow Books, Oxford, 2001. JURSA, M. et al. - Aspects of the Economic History of Babylonia in the First Millennium BC. Economic Geography, Economic Mentalities, Agriculture, the Use of Money and the Problem of Economic Growth. (Alter Orient und Altes Testament 377). Ugarit-Verlag, Münster, 2010. Korte aankondigingen: BROEKEMA, H. - Inanna, heerseres van hemel en aarde. Geschiedenis van een Sumerische godin. Tweede, herziene uitgave. Uitgeverij Elikser, Leeuwarden, 2013. LÄMMERHIRT, K. - Die sumerische Königshymne Šulgi F. (Texte und Materialien der Hilprecht Collection 9). Verlag Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 2012.

Hettitologie 04 Jul 2014
VAN DEN HOUT, Th. - The Elements of Hittite. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2011. MARIZZA, M. - Lettere ittite di re e dignitari. La corrispondenza del Medio Regno e dell'Età Imperiale. (Testi del Vicino Oriente Antico 4; Letterature dell'Asia Minore 3). Paideia Editrice, Brescia, 2009. SINGER, I. - The Calm before the Storm. Selected Writings of Itamar Singer on the End of the Late Bronze Age in Anatolia and the Levant. (Writings from the Ancient World Supplement 1). Society of Biblical Literature, Atlanta, 2011.

Semitica 04 Jul 2014
HASSELBACH, R. & PAT-EL, N. (eds.) - Language and Nature. Papers Presented to John Huehnergard on the Occasion of his 60th Birthday. (Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 67). The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, Chicago, 2012. HOLMSTEDT, R. & SCHADE, A. (eds.) - Linguistic Studies in Phoenician. In Memory of J. Brian Pechham. Eisenbrauns, Winona Lake, 2013. STEC, D.M. - The Genizah Psalms. A Study of MS 798 of the Antonin Collection. (Cambridge Genizah Studies 5; Études sur le Judaïsme Médiéval 57). Brill Academic Publishers, Leiden, 2013. A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Andalusi Arabic. (Handbook of Oriental Studies, Section 1: The Near and Middle East 102). Brill Academic Publishers, Leiden, 2012. HEIDE, M. - Das Testament Abrahams. Edition und Übersetzung der arabischen und äthiopischen Versionen. (Äthiopische Forschungen 76). Verlag Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 2012.

Archeologie 04 Jul 2014
LEBEAU, M. & SULEIMAN, A. (eds.) - Tell Beydar. The 2004/2-2009 Seasons of Excavations. The 2004/2-2009 Seasons of Architectural Restoration. A Preliminary Report. (Suartu 29). Brepols, Turnhout, 2011. VOLLMER, W. - Altorientalische Wirtschaftswelten. Versuch eines alphabetisch geordneten Überblicks über die Wirtschaft Alt-Vorderasiens. (Archäologie: Forschung und Wissenschaft 3). LIT-Verlag, Münster, 2012. KNAPP, A.B. - The Archaeology of Cyprus. From Earliest Prehistory through the Bronze Age. (Cambridge World Archaeology). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2013. GEORGIOU, G., WEBB, J.M. & FRANKEL, D. - Psematismenos-Trelloukkas. An Early Bronze Age Cemetery in Cyprus. Department of Antiquities, Cyprus, Nicosia, 2011. WEBB, J.M. & FRANKEL, D. - Ambelikou Aletri. Metallurgy and Pottery Production in Middle Bronze Age Cyprus. (Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology 138). Paul Aström's Forlag, Uppsala, 2013.

Iranica 04 Jul 2014
SEYED-GOHRAB, A.A. - Courtly Riddles. Enigmatic Embellishments in Early Persian Poetry. (Iranian Studies Series). Leiden University Press, Leiden, 2010. KÖNIG, G. - Geschlechtsmoral und Gleichgeschlechtlichkeit im Zoroastrismus. (Iranica 18). Verlag Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 2010.

Turcica 04 Jul 2014
VATIN, N. - Ferîdûn Bey, «Les plaisants secrets de la campagne de Szigetvár». Édition, traduction et commentaire des folios 1 à 147 du Nüzhetü-l-esrâri-l-ahbâr der sefer-i Sigetvâr (ms. H. 1339 de la Bibliothèque du Musée de Topkapi Sarayi). (Neue Beihefte zur Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes 2). LIT-Verlag, Münster, 2010.

Arabica 04 Jul 2014
ULLMANN, M. - Die Nikomachische Ethik des Aristoteles in arabischer Übersetzung, Teil 2: Überlieferung, Textkritik, Grammatik. Verlag Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 2012.

Varia 04 Jul 2014
Korte aankondigingen: LANG, M., BARTA, H. & R. ROLLINGER (Hrsg.) - Staatsverträge, Völkerrecht und Diplomatie im Alten Orient und in der griechisch-römischen Antike. (Philippika, Marburger altertumskundliche Abhandlungen 40). Verlag Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 2010. YIFTACH-FIRANKO, U. (ed.) - The Letter. Law, State, Society and the Epistolary Format in the Ancient World. Legal Documents in Ancient Societies 1. Proceedings of a Colloquium held at the American Academy in Rome, 28-30.9.2008. (Philippika, Marburger altertumskundliche Abhandlungen 55,1). Verlag Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 2013. KÄMMERER, T.R. (ed.) - Identities and Societies in the Ancient Near East - Mediterranean Regions. Comparative Approaches. Henning Graf Reventlow Memorial Volume. Acta Antiqua Mediterranea et Orientalia (AAMO) 1 (Alter Orient und Altes Testament 390,1). Ugarit-Verlag, Münster, 2011. ZGOLL, A. & KRATZ, R.G. (Hrsg.) - Arbeit am Mythos. Leistung und Grenze des Mythos in Antike und Gegenwart. Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, 2013. GEORGOUDI, S., KOCH PIETTRE, R. & SCHMIDT, F. (eds.) - La raison des signes. Présages, rites, destin dans les sociétés de la Méditerranée ancienne. (Religions in the Graeco-Roman World 174). Brill Academic Publishers, Leiden, 2012.

Ontvangen boeken 04 Jul 2014
Books received