The Netherlands Institute for the Near East

Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten  -  Institut néerlandais du Proche-Orient


Book Specifications
IV, 205 pp.

Anatolica XLIX

2023  |  Anatolica Volume 49 2023 ISSN: 0066-1554; 49

Table of Contents


From Hellenistic neighbourhood to bath-gymnasium and beyond. The archaeology east of the Upper Agora of Sagalassos

Thirty years of excavations and research have turned the Upper Agora area of Sagalassos into one of the best-studied public spaces and political civic centers of Roman poleis in Asia Minor. The area to its east was the last remaining piece of the puzzle to be studied. Between 2015-2021, a series of large-scale excavations obtained a wealth of archaeological evidence, ranging from a Hellenistic neighbourhood to the main gymnasium of the Roman polis, and its rearrangement in Late Antiquity. As a result, these excavations provided information about a wide range of aspects of life in Hellenistic, Roman Imperial, and Early Byzantine Pisidia. This paper presents the relevant evidence and discusses its possible interpretations, so that it can be used to contribute to larger debates and themes within Classical and Anatolian Archaeology. — Bas Beaujean, Johan Claeys, Dries Daems, Frans Doperé, Peter Talloen & Jeroen Poblome

The Yörükselim stele. A Neo-Hittite period stele from the Kahramanmaraş museum

Although no systematic excavations or surveys were conducted to locate or uncover the remains of the Neo-Hittite kingdom of Gurgum, which dominated the region surrounding the modern Kahramanmaraş (Maraş) province in the Middle Iron Age, many stelae bearing hieroglyphic royal inscriptions, reliefblocks, and funerary stelae have been found at the fortress and on the mound in the city center of Maraş and its immediate vicinity, reflecting the material culture of the kingdom. Funerary stelae from this region are particularly significant due to their unique characteristics in the selection of themes, style, and iconography. This study presents a stylistic and iconographic evaluation of the Yörükselim stele from the Kahramanmaraş Museum in comparison with other similar stelae found in the region and discusses the significance of the area that the stelae originate from as a necropolis or a cult center of the kingdom of Gurgum in the Iron Age. — Ali Çifçi, Gülşen Başpınar

Dealing with the Dead in Roman Seleukeia Sidera. Reconstructing funerary culture from ex situ material

This article presents a comprehensive description and analysis of the Roman period funerary materials from Seleukeia Sidera in Pisidia found outside of their original context. The sarcophagi, ostothekai, stelae, and busts in this collection were brought to the regional museum in past decades or were found during more recent archaeological surveys. This article offers a full catalogue of the funerary items, many of which are unpublished. Despite the relatively modest number of items, the collection allows us to reconstruct funerary customs at the site and to investigate processes of identity-formation in the burial grounds. We highlight the significant research potential of such ex-situ materials and treat them as one assemblage, integrating their textual, visual, and physical components. Our article is intended to demonstrate the value hidden in these so-called legacy datasets, thereby intersecting with debates on curation issues of heritage institutions in Turkey. — Tamara M. Dijkstra, Lidewijde de Jong, Bilge Hürmüzlü, Gülcan Kaşka, Anja Slawisch. With contributions by Ibrahim Acuce and Asuman Çoşkun Abuagla

Die Gottheit (DEUS)CRUS+MI in der hieroglyphen-luwischen Inschrift ANCOZ 9

Anhand einer sprachwissenschaftlichen und religionswissenschaftlichen Analyse schlägt dieser Aufsatz eine neue Identifizierung der bisher nicht klar gedeuteten späthethitischen Gottheit (DEUS)CRUS+MI vor. — Tatiana Frühwirt, Zsolt Simon

Storage and food management in northern Syria from the Iron Age I to the Iron Age III (12th-6th centuries BC)

This paper discusses the organization and management of food in selected sites located in northern Syria and southern Turkey dated from the Iron Age I to the Iron Age III (12th-6th centuries BC). I will discuss how changes in settlement patterns may have influenced food strategies in an area ruled by Syro-Anatolian city states during the Iron Age I and by the Assyrians during the Iron Age II-III. I will focus on analysing storage installations (silos and storage jars) retrieved om household and productive contexts in the Amuq Valley and in contemporary sites to help reconstructing the agricultural policies and systems of access and distribution of food supplies. — Mariacarmela Montesanto

Ties that bind. A new interpretation of the Hittite verb šai-/šiye-

In this article, a new interpretation of the Hittite verb šai-/šiye- will be proposed. It will be argued that the basic meaning of this verb is not ‘to (im)press’, but rather ‘to tie (a knot), to bind together, to fasten’. With respect to sealing, it refers to the tying of strings, which was an important component of Hittite sealing practices. Its antonym is the verb kīnu-, which refers to the opening or splitting apart of objects that were formerly joined together. — Willemijn Waal


Full text of Anatolica articles available online at Peeters Online Journals (€ 14 per article).